Vocabulary List: 

  • habitat
  • niche
  • resources
  • competitive exclusion principle
  • extinct (extinction)
  • niche partitioning
  • evolutionary response
  • divergent evolution
  • ecological equivalent
  • competition
  • prefix "inter"
  • prefix "intra"
  • interspecific competition
  • intraspecific competition
  • predation/predator
  • prey
  • symbiosis
  • mutualism
  • commensalism
  • parasitism
  • host
  • prefix "ecto"
  • prefix "endo"
  • ectoparasite
  • endoparasite
  • population (review)
  • density
  • dispersion
  • distribution
  • population density
  • dispersion patterns
  • population dispersions
  • clumped dispersion
  • uniform dispersion
  • random dispersion
  • survivorship curve
  • type I survivorship curve
  • type II survivorship curve
  • type III survivorship curve
  • offspring
  • birth rate
  • death rate
  • infant mortality rate

  • immigration
  • birth
  • emigration
  • death
  • exponential growth
  • J-shaped curve
  • logistic curve
  • S-shaped curve
  • carrying capacity
  • sustainability
  • population crash
  • limiting factor (review)
  • density-dependent limiting factor
  • disease
  • density-independent limiting factor
  • natural disasters
  • disturbance
  • catastrophe
  • succession
  • uninhabited
  • primary succession
  • pioneer species
  • lichens
  • mosses
  • secondary succession
  • biosphere (review)
  • geosphere (review)
  • weather
  • climate
  • temperate
  • pole
  • tropical
  • desert
  • grassland
  • forest
  • tropical grassland
  • savannas
  • temperate grassland
  • tropical desert
  • temperate desert
  • cold desert
  • canopy
  • tropical rain forest
  • temperate deciduous forest
  • deciduous
  • coniferous
  • temperate rain forest
  • taiga
  • boreal forest
  • tundra
  • chaparral
  • polar ice caps
  • mountain

Learning Targets: 

  • Demonstrate organizational skills such as keeping a daily calendar of assignments and activities and maintaining a notebook of class work.
    • Keep your binder organized and updated. 
  • Apply strategies before, during, and after reading to increase fluency and comprehension (e.g., adjusting purpose, previewing, scanning, making predictions, comparing, inferring, summarizing, using graphic organizers) with increasingly challenging texts. 
    • Improve understanding of material by outlining material presented in class. 
  • Use a variety of appropriate sources (e.g. Internet, scientific journals) to retrieve relevant information; cite references properly. 
  • Apply active reading, listening, and viewing techniques by taking notes on classroom discussions, lectures, oral and/or video presentations, or assigned at-home reading, and by underlining key passages and writing comments in journals or in margins of texts, where permitted.  
    • Stay on task during class, annotate provided PowerPoint notes and take additional notes during board discussions. 
    • Outline provided materials and assimilate this information into material presented in class.
  • Apply knowledge of Greek, Latin, and Anglo-Saxon affixes, inflections, and roots to understand unfamiliar words and new subject area vocabulary in increasingly challenging texts.
    • Be able to define and correctly spell all vocabulary words.
  • Actively participate in small-group and large-group discussions, assuming various roles. 
    • Participate in class discussions  and ask questions when needed on a daily basis. 
  • Define and provide examples of habitat and niche. 
  • Explain how the amount of life any environment can support is limited by the available matter and energy and by the ability of ecosystems to recycle the residue of dead organic materials. 
  • Explain how organisms cooperate and compete in ecosystems and how interrelationships and inter-dependencies of organism may generate ecosystems that are stable for thousands of years. 
  • Describe examples of competition, symbiosis, and predation.
  • Explain the concept of carrying capacity
  • Describe the growth of populations, including exponential and logistic growth (e.g., design and conduct an experiment investigating bacterial growth using appropriate calculations). 
  • Explain the process of ecological succession, and describe the different communities that result. 
  • Read and describe current journal articles relating to environmental concerns (e.g., loss of biodiversity, habitat loss, pollution). 
  • Discuss and evaluate the significance of human interference with major ecosystems (e.g., the loss of genetic diversity in cloned crops or animals). 
  • Revise, refine, and proofread own and others writing, using appropriate tools to find strengths and weaknesses and to seek strategies for improvement (using good writing methods). 
    • State, elaborate, use an example and draw a connection when answering open - ended questions.  
  • Safely use laboratory equipment and techniques when conducting scientific investigations.  
  • Manipulate variables in experiments using appropriate procedures (e.g. controls, multiple trials). 
  • Collect, organize, and analyze data accurately and precisely (e.g. using scientific techniques and mathematics in experiments)
  • Interpret results and draw conclusions, revising hypothesis as necessary and/or formulating additional questions or explanations.
  • Use mathematics to enhance the scientific inquiry process (e.g., choosing appropriate units of measurement, graphing and manipulating experimental data)
  • Write and speak effectively to present and explain scientific results, using appropriate terminology and graphics. 
  • Use appropriate essay-test taking and timed-writing strategies that address and analyze the questions.  
  • Demonstrate familiarity with test formats and test administration procedures to increase speed and accuracy. 
    • Complete tests within permitted time limits. 

Online Resources:

    Crash Course Video:  Feel the Love

    Interactions between species are what define ecological communities, and community ecology studies these interactions anywhere they take place. Although interspecies interactions are mostly competitive, competition is pretty dangerous, so a lot of interactions are actually about side-stepping direct competition and instead finding ways to divvy up resources to let species get along. Feel the love?

    Table of Contents
    1) Competitive Exclusion Principle 2:02
    2) Fundamental vs. Realized Niche 3:48
    3) Eco-lography / Resource Partitioning 5:25
    4) Character Displacement 7:29
    5) Mutualism 9:15
    6) Commensalism 9:55

    Bozeman Science:  Niche

    Paul Andersen explains the niche. He gives three different pronunciations and two different definitions. He then discusses the competitive exclusion principle and the idea that a niche cannot be shared by two species.
    Crash Course Video:  Predators
    Hank gets to the more violent part of community ecology by describing predation and the many ways prey organisms have developed to avoid it.

    Herbivory and Parasitism 1:43
    Predatory Adaptation 3:39
    Cryptic Coloration 4:25
    Mullerian Mimicry 5:43
    Batesian Mimicry 6:38

    Crash Course Video:  Population Ecology
    Population ecology is the study of groups within a species that interact mostly with each other, and it examines how they live together in one geographic area to understand why these populations are different in one time and place than they are in another. How is that in any way useful to anyone ever? Hank uses the example a of West Nile virus outbreak in Texas to show you in this episode of Crash Course: Ecology.

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    Table of Contents
    1) Density & Dispersion 02:03
    2) Population Growth 03:07
    3) Limiting Factors 03:45
    a) Density Dependent 06:16
    b) Density Independent 07:11
    4) Exponential & Logistical Growth 08:04
    5) How to Calculate Growth Rate 09:33
    Crash Course Video:  Ecological Succession
    In the world of ecology, the only constant is change - but change can be good. Today Hank explains ecological succession and how ecological communities change over time to become beautiful, biodiverse mosaics.

    Table of Contents
    1. Primary Succession 1:56:1
    2. Secondary Succession 3:36
    3. Climax Community Model 5:11
    4. Intermediate Disturbance Hypothesis 7:25:1
    Bozeman Science:  Ecological Succession

    Paul Andersen describes the process of ecological succession. During this process life reestablished itself after a disturbance. During primary success all of the material is removed including the soil. For example during a volcanic eruption all traces of life are removed. However during secondary success the soil remains intact. An example of secondary success is wildfires.
    Crash Course Video:  Ecology - Rules for Living on Earth

    Hank introduces us to ecology - the study of the rules of engagement for all of us earthlings - which seeks to explain why the world looks and acts the way it does. The world is crammed with things, both animate and not, that have been interacting with each other all the time, every day, since life on this planet began, and these interactions depend mostly on just two things... Learn what they are as Crash Course Biology takes its final voyage outside the body and into the entire world.

    Table of Contents
    1) Ecological Hierarchy 02:01:2
    a) Population 02:12
    b) Community 02:26:1
    c) Ecosystem 02:50
    d) Biome 03:22:1
    e) Biosphere 03:51

    2) Key Ecological Factors 04:07
    a) Temperature 05:06:1
    b) Water 05:37

    3) Biome Type 06:03:1