Vocabulary List:

    • sister chromatids
    • cytokinesis
    • monad
    • dyad
    • centromere
    • centrioles
    • centrosomes
    • spindle fibers
    • metaphase plate
    • chromosome
    • chromatid
    • gene
    • nuclear membrane
    • somatic cell
    • germ cell
    • gamete
    • homologous chromosome
    • karyotype
    • autosome
    • sex chromosome
    • sexual reproduction
    • fertilization
    • diploid
    • haploid
    • meiosis
    • gametogenesis
    • sperm
    • egg

     

    • polar body
    • prophase I
    • metaphase I
    • anaphase I
    • telophase I
    • prophase II
    • metaphase II
    • anaphase II
    • telophase II
    • tetrad 
    • trait
    • genetics
    • purebred
    • cross
    • law of segregation
    • locus
    • gene
    • allele
    • homozygous
    • heterozygous
    • genome
    • genotype
    • phenotype
    • dominant
    • recessive
    • Punnett square
    • monohybrid cross
    • testcross
    • dihybrid cross
    • law of independent assortment
    • probability
    • crossing over (also called synapsis)
    • genetic linkage

    Classroom Resources:

    • Textbook readings - you can access the online version of the book via the Resources and Links menu on the Biology Homepage
    • reading packet - you can access the online version of the book via the Resources and Links menu on the Biology Homepage

    Learning Targets: 

    • Demonstrate organizational skills such as keeping a daily calendar of assignments and activities and maintaining a notebook of class work.
      • Keep your binder organized and updated. 
    • Apply strategies before, during, and after reading to increase fluency and comprehension (e.g., adjusting purpose, previewing, scanning, making predictions, comparing, inferring, summarizing, using graphic organizers) with increasingly challenging texts. 
      • Improve understanding of material by outlining material presented in class. 
    • Use a variety of appropriate sources (e.g. Internet, scientific journals) to retrieve relevant information; cite references properly. 
    • Apply active reading, listening, and viewing techniques by taking notes on classroom discussions, lectures, oral and/or video presentations, or assigned at-home reading, and by underlining key passages and writing comments in journals or in margins of texts, where permitted.  
      • Stay on task during class, annotate provided PowerPoint notes and take additional notes during board discussions. 
      • Outline provided materials and assimilate this information into material presented in class. 
    • Apply knowledge of Greek, Latin, and Anglo-Saxon affixes, inflections, and roots to understand unfamiliar words and new subject area vocabulary in increasingly challenging texts.
      •  Be able to define and correctly spell all vocabulary words.
    • Actively participate in small-group and large-group discussions, assuming various roles. 
      • Participate in class discussions  and ask questions when needed on a daily basis. 
    • Illustrate how all cell organelles work together by describing the step-by step process of the translation of an mRNA strand into a protein and its subsequent processing by organelles so that the protein is appropriately packaged, labeled, and eventually exported by the cell. 
    • Describe the basic structure and function of DNA, mRNA,tRNA, amino acids, polypeptides, and proteins (e.g., replication, transcription, and translation). 
    • Describe the experiments of major scientists in determining both the structure of DNA and the central dogma. 
    • Use mRNA codon charts to determine amino acid sequences of example polypeptides.
    • Use mRNA codon charts to determine the effects of different types of mutations on amino acid sequence and protein structure (e.g., sickle cell anemia resulting from base substitution mutation). 
    • Describe how gene expression is regulated in organisms such that specific proteins are synthesized only when they are needed by the cell (e.g., allowing cell specialization). 
    • Describe the mode of inheritance in commonly inherited disorders (e.g., sickle cell anemia, Down syndrome, Turner's syndrome, PKU). 
    • Complete a major project relating to recombinant DNA, cloing, or stem cell research. 
    • Revise, refine, and proofread own and other's writing, using appropriate tools to find strengths and weaknesses and to seek strategies for improvement (using good writing methods). 
      • State, elaborate, use an example and draw a connection when answering open - ended questions. 
    • Safely use laboratory equipment and techniques when conducting scientific investigations. 
    • Manipulate variables in experiments using appropriate procedures (e.g. controls, multiple trials). 
    • Collect, organize, and analyze data accurately and precisely (e.g. using scientific techniques and mathematics in experiments)
    • Interpret results and draw conclusions, revising hypothesis as necessary and/or formulating additional questions or explanations.
    • Use mathematics to enhance the scientific inquiry process (e.g., choosing appropriate units of measurement, graphing and manipulating experimental data)
    • Write and speak effectively to present and explain scientific results, using appropriate terminology and graphics.
    • Use appropriate essay-test taking and timed-writing strategies that address and analyze the questions.  
    • Demonstrate familiarity with test formats and test administration procedures to increase speed and accuracy. 
      • Complete tests within permitted time limits. 

     

    Online Resources: