Vocabulary

  • Vegetative Morphology
  • Vegetative
  • Morphology
  • Habit
  • Herb
  • Shrub
  • Tree
  • Vine
  • Liana
  • Excurrent
  • Decurrent
  • Palm-like
  • Yucca-like
  • Basal
  • Rosette
  • Herbaceous
  • Woody
  • Leaves
  • Node
  • Internode
  • Blade - see blade shape terms
  • Lamina
  • Petiole
  • Petiolate
  • Axil
  • Bud
  • Axillary bud
  • Sessile
  • Stipules
  • Stipulate
  • Estipulate
  • Abaxial
  • Adaxial
  • Deciduous
  • Marcescent
  • Evergreen
  • Complexity
  • Axis
  • Simple Leaf
  • Compound Leaf
  • Leaflets
  • Petiolule
  • Petiolulate
  • Rachis
  • Rachilla
  • Paripinnate
  • Imparipinnate
  • Pinnately compound
  • Bipinnately compound
  • Tripinnately compound
  • Palmately compound
  • Trifoliolate
  • Arrangement
  • Opposite Arrangement
  • Alternate Arrangement
  • Whorled Arrangement
  • Subopposite arrangement
  • Venation - also see leaf venation terms
  • Apices - also see apex terms
  • Base - also see base terms
  • Margins - also see margin terms
  • Lobing - also see lobing terms
  • Conifer - also see conifer leaf terms
  • Surface features - also see surface features terms

Classroom
Resources:
 


  • Living in the Environment reading excerpt - Temperate Deciduous Forest Biome

Learning Targets: 

  • List vegetative morphological traits used for woody plant identification.
  • List and identify the 4 primary growth habits of plants. 
  • List and identify the 3 primary growth habits of woody plants.
  • List and identify the 4 primary growth habits of trees. 
  • Discuss the effect of habitat on the habit of a species.
  • Compare and contrast herbaceous and woody. 
  • Discuss the general features of leaves; including purpose, location on stem, components of a leaf, stipules, orientation terms and longevity
  • Identify and describe leaf complexity.
  • Identify and describe leaf arrangement. 
  • Identify and describe leaf venation
  • Identify and describe leaf blade shapes
  • Identify and describe leaf apices
  • Identify and describe leaf bases
  • Identify and describe leaf margins
  • Identify and describe leaf lobing
  • Identify and describe surface features of leaves.
  • Identify and describe conifer leaves
  • Apply knowledge of Greek, Latin, and Anglo-Saxon affixes, inflections, and roots to understand unfamiliar words and new subject area vocabulary in increasingly challenging texts.
  • Write and speak effectively to present and explain scientific results, using appropriate terminology and graphics. 
    •  Be able to define and correctly spell all vocabulary words.
  • Use appropriate essay-test taking and timed-writing strategies that address and analyze the questions.  

Leaf Blade Shape Terms: 

  • Acicular
  • Subulate
  • Scale
  • Linear
  • Oblong
  • Lanceolate
  • Oblanceolate
  • Ovate
  • Obovate
  • Elliptical
  • Oval
  • Orbicular
  • Reniform
  • Deltate
  • Rhombic
  • Spatulate
  • Flabellate
  • Cordate
  • Obcordate

Leaf Venation Terms:

  • Pinnate
  • Palmate
  • Pinnipalmate
  • Parrallel
  • Dichotomous

Leaf Apex Terms:

  • Acuminate
  • Acute
  • Mucronate
  • Cuspidate
  • Obtuse
  • Rounded
  • Retuse
  • Emarginate
  • Truncate

Leaf Base Terms:

  • Cuneate
  • Acute
  • Cordate
  • Inequilateral/oblique/asymmetrical
  • Obtuse
  • Rounded
  • Truncate
  • Auriculate

Leaf Margin Terms:

  • Entire
  • Revolute
  • Repand/sinuate/undulate
  • Crenate
  • Crenulate
  • Serrate
  • Serrulate/finely serrate
  • Doubly serrate
  • Dentate
  • Denticulate
  • Aculeate

Leaf Lobing Terms:

  • Pinnately Lobed
  • Pinnately Cleft
  • Pinnately Incised
  • Palmately Lobed
  • Palmately cleft
  • Palmately incised

Conifer Leaf Terms:

  • Acicular
  • Linear
  • Subulate
  • Scale
  • Sessile
  • Sessile on peg
  • Petiolate
  • Petiolate on peg
  • Abscission layer
  • Dehiscence
  • Point of divergence
  • Decurrent leaf base
  • Fascicles
  • Fascicles sheath

Surface Features Terms:

  • foliar micromorphology
  • rugose
  • convex
  • epicuticular wax
  • glaucous
  • glaucescent
  • trichomes
  • glabrous
  • glabrate
  • puberulent
  • pubescent
  • villous
  • tomentose
  • scabrous
  • glandular
  • epidote
  • stellate
  • coriaceous
  • membranous